Test of English as a Foreign Language

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بسته جامع و کمیاب تافل Barrons TOEFL - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال مرجع کامل آزمون های تافل (2DVD) - جدید و کامل - اورجینال در خانه آزمون آزمایشی تافل آی بی تی بدهید - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

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TOEFL مرجع کامل آزمون های تافل مخصوص علاقه مندان به زبان انگلیسی

در خانه آزمون آزمایشی تافل آی بی تی بدهید

مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل:اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و کامل - اورجینال
     

موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس

مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل

کاملترین بسته خودآموز تافل

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست- جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه - جدید و کامل - اورجینال آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه

آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست- جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و کامل - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و کامل - اورجینال
     

آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال بسته کامل آموزش تافل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

بسته کامل آموزش تافل

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس

مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
کاملترین پکیج آموزش تافل- جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال آزمون تافل استاندارد - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

کاملترین پکیج آموزش تافل

آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه

آزمون تافل استاندارد

آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
در خانه آزمون آزمایشی تافل آی بی تی بدهید - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال مرجع کامل آزمون های تافل (2DVD) - جدید و کامل - اورجینال موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس - جدید و کامل - اورجینال مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل - جدید و کامل - اورجینال
     

در خانه آزمون آزمایشی تافل آی بی تی بدهید

TOEFL مرجع کامل آزمون های تافل مخصوص علاقه مندان به زبان انگلیسی

موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس

مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
کاملترین پکیج آموزش تافل - جدید و کامل - اورجینال نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست - جدید و کامل - اورجینال مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل - جدید و کامل - اورجینال آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

کاملترین پکیج آموزش تافل

نرم افزار جامع اموزش تافل در 2 DVD شامل آموزش ، نکته وتست

مجموعه برنامه های آموزشی تافل

آزمون تافل استاندارد در خانه

     
     
               
عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول عکس محصول
     
بسته جامع و کمیاب تافل Barrons TOEFL - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال پکیج استثنایی آزمون تافل toefl - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال کاملترین پکیج آموزش تافل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس - جدید و کامل - جدید و دارای گارانتی - اورجینال
     

بسته جامع و کمیاب تافل Barrons TOEFL

پکیج استثنایی آزمون تافل toefl

کاملترین پکیج آموزش تافل

موفقیت در آزمون تافل و آیلتس

     
     

  صفحه:

 
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Test of English as a Foreign Language

Acronym
TOEFL
Type
Internet-based or paper-based standardised test.
Developer / administrator
Educational Testing Service
Knowledge / skills tested
Reading, listening, vocalization and letter of a English language.
Purpose
Testing a English denunciation inclination of non-native English speakers for educational and other purposes.
Year started
1964 (1964)
Duration
Internet-based examination (iBT): 3 hours 10 mins to 4 hours 20 mins (excluding 10-minute mangle in-between).
Paper-based examination (PBT): 2 hours 20 mins to 2 hours 30 minutes.[1]
Score / class range
iBT:
0 to 30 (in 1 indicate increments) on any of a 4 sections. So sum of 0 to 120.
PBT:
Listening: 31 to 68, Structure: 31 to 69, Reading: 31 to 67. Total of 310 to 677. Writing (separate): 0 to 6. (All in 1 indicate increments.)
Score / class validity
2 years
Offered
iBT: More than 50 times a year.[2]
Restrictions on attempts
iBT: Can be taken usually once in any 12-day period.[3]
Countries / regions
4500 examination centers in 165 countries.[2]
Languages
English
Annual no. of examination takers
(?)
Prerequisites / eligibility criteria
No central prerequisite. Intended for non-native English speakers.
Fee
iBT: US$ 160 to US$ 250, depending on a country.[2]
PBT: US$ 160.[1]
Scores / grades used by
Over 9000 universities, agencies and other institutions in over 130 countries.[4]
Website
www.ets.org/toefl

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL, /ˈtfəl/, TOH-fəl) is a standardised examination to magnitude a English denunciation ability of non-native speakers wishing to enroll in English-speaking universities. The examination is supposed by many English-speaking educational and veteran institutions. TOEFL is one of a dual vital English-language tests in a world, a other being a IELTS.

TOEFL is a heading of a Educational Testing Service (ETS), a private non-profit organization, that designs and administers a tests. ETS issues central magnitude reports, sent exclusively to institutions, for dual years following a test.[5]

History[edit]

In 1962, a inhabitant legislature done adult of member of thirty supervision and private organizations was shaped to residence a problem of ensuring English denunciation inclination for non-native speakers wishing to investigate during U.S. universities. This legislature endorsed a growth and administration of a TOEFL examination for a 1963-1964 time frame.[6]

The examination was creatively grown during a Center for Applied Linguistics underneath a instruction of Stanford University practical linguistics highbrow Dr. Charles A. Ferguson.[7]

The TOEFL examination was initial administered in 1964 by a Modern Language Association financed by grants from a Ford Foundation and Danforth Foundation.[6]

In 1965, The College Board and ETS jointly insincere shortcoming for a delay of a TOEFL contrast program.[6]

In 1973, a mild arrangement was done between ETS, The College Board, and a Graduate Record Examinations house of advisers to manage and run a program. ETS was to discharge a examination with a superintendence of a TOEFL board.[6]

To a benefaction day, college acknowledgment criteria for ubiquitous students who are nationals of some of a Commonwealth nations free them from holding a TOEFL exam. Nations that are partial of a Anglosphere (from many Commonwealth realms to former British colonies e.g., Hong Kong SAR or former protectorates of a United States) where English is a de facto central denunciation automatically grants a TOEFL grant with some restrictions (e.g., residents of Quebec are compulsory to take TOEFL while a rest of Canada is free – also thorough of Commonwealth nations where English is not an central denunciation e.g., Mozambique or Namibia (English is co-official yet oral by 3% of a population)). However, this does not request to some Commonwealth nations outward a Anglosphere, such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc, even yet they competence have English as a de facto central language.

Formats and content[edit]

Internet-based test[edit]

Since a introduction in late 2005, a TOEFL Internet-based Test (iBT) format has gradually transposed a computer-based tests (CBT) and paper-based tests (PBT), nonetheless paper-based contrast is still used in name areas. The TOEFL iBT examination has been introduced in phases, with a United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and a rest of a universe in 2006, with examination centers combined regularly. The CBT was dropped in Sep 2006 and these scores are no longer valid.

Initially, a direct for examination seats was aloft than availability, and possibilities had to wait for months. It is now probable to take a examination within one to 4 weeks in many countries.[8] The four-hour examination consists of 4 sections, any measuring one of a simple denunciation skills (while some tasks need integrating mixed skills), and all tasks concentration on denunciation used in an academic, higher-education environment. Note-taking is authorised during a TOEFL iBT test. The examination can't be taken some-more than once any 12 days.[9]

  1. Reading
    The Reading territory consists of questions on 3-5 passages, any approximately 700 difference in length. The passages are on educational topics; they are a kind of element that competence be found in an undergraduate university textbook. Passages need bargain of controversial functions such as cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation. Students answer questions about categorical ideas, details, inferences, essential information, judgment insertion, vocabulary, controversial purpose and altogether ideas. New forms of questions in a TOEFL iBT examination need stuffing out tables or completing summaries. Prior believe of a theme underneath contention is not compulsory to come to a scold answer.
  2. Listening
    The Listening territory consists of questions on 6 passages, any 3–5 mins in length. These passages embody dual tyro conversations and 4 educational lectures or discussions. The conversations engage a tyro and possibly a highbrow or a campus use provider. The lectures are a self-contained apportionment of an educational lecture, that competence engage tyro appearance and does not assume specialized credentials believe in a theme area. Each review and harangue thoroughfare is listened usually once. Test-takers competence take records while they listen and they competence impute to their records when they answer a questions. Each review is compared with 5 questions and any harangue with six. The questions are meant to magnitude a ability to know categorical ideas, critical details, implications, relations between ideas, classification of information, orator purpose and orator attitude.
  3. Speaking
    The Speaking territory consists of 6 tasks: dual eccentric and 4 integrated. In a dual eccentric tasks, test-takers answer opinion questions on informed topics. They are evaluated on their ability to pronounce casually and communicate their ideas clearly and coherently. In dual of a integrated tasks, test-takers review a brief passage, listen to an educational march harangue or a review about campus life and answer a doubt by mixing suitable information from a calm and a talk. In a dual remaining integrated tasks, test-takers listen to an educational march harangue or a review about campus life and afterwards respond to a doubt about what they heard. In a integrated tasks, test-takers are evaluated on their ability to reasonably harmonize and effectively communicate information from a reading and listening material. Test-takers competence take records as they review and listen and competence use their records to assistance ready their responses. Test-takers are given a brief credentials time before they have to start speaking. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by 3 to 6 raters.
  4. Writing
    The Writing territory measures a examination taker’s ability to write in an educational environment and consists of dual tasks: one integrated and one independent. In a integrated task, test-takers review a thoroughfare on an educational subject and afterwards listen to a orator plead it. The test-taker afterwards writes a outline about a critical points in a listening thoroughfare and explains how these describe to a pivotal points of a reading passage. In a eccentric task, a test-taker contingency write an letter that states their opinion or choice, and afterwards explain it, rather than simply inventory personal preferences or choices. Responses are sent to a ETS OSN and evaluated by during slightest 3 opposite raters.[10]

One of a sections of a examination will embody extra, uncounted material. Educational Testing Service includes additional element to commander examination questions for destiny examination forms. When test-takers are given a longer section, they should give equal bid to all of a questions since they do not know that doubt will count and that will be deliberate extra. For example, if there are 4 reading passages instead of three, afterwards one of a passages will not be counted. Any of a 4 could be a uncounted one.

Paper-based Test[edit]

The TOEFL® paper-based Test (PBT) is accessible in singular areas. Scores are current for dual years after a examination date, and examination takers can have their scores sent to institutions or face time.[11]

  1. Listening (30 – 40 minutes)
    The Listening territory consists of 3 parts. The initial one contains 30 questions about brief conversations. The second partial has 8 questions about longer conversations. The final partial asks 12 questions about lectures or talks.
  2. Structure and Written Expression (25 minutes)
    The Structure and Written Expression territory has 15 exercises of completing sentences rightly and 25 exercises of identifying errors.
  3. Reading Comprehension (55 minutes)
    The Reading Comprehension sections has 50 questions about reading passages.
  4. Writing (30 minutes)
    The TOEFL PBT administrations embody a letter examination called a Test of Written English (TWE). This is one letter doubt with 250–300 difference in average.[12]

Test scores[edit]

TOEFL iBT Test[edit]

  • The TOEFL iBT examination is scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points.
  • Each of a 4 sections Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) receives a scaled magnitude from 0 to 30. The scaled scores from a 4 sections are combined together to establish a sum score.
  • Each vocalization doubt is primarily given a magnitude of 0 to 4, and any letter doubt is primarily given a magnitude of 0 to 5. These scores are converted to scaled scores of 0 to 30.

Paper-based Test[edit]

  • The final PBT magnitude ranges between 310 and 677 and is formed on 3 subscores: Listening (31–68), Structure (31–68), and Reading (31–67). Unlike a CBT, a magnitude of a Writing member (referred to as a Test of Written English, TWE) is not partial of a final score; instead, it is reported alone on a scale of 0–6.
  • The magnitude examination takers accept on a Listening, Structure and Reading tools of a TOEFL examination is not a commission of scold answers. The magnitude is converted to take into comment a fact that some tests are some-more formidable than others. The converted scores scold these differences. Therefore, a converted magnitude is a some-more accurate thoughtfulness of a ability than a tender magnitude is.

Accepted TOEFL Scores[edit]

Most colleges use TOEFL scores as usually one cause in their acknowledgment process, with a college or module within a college mostly environment a smallest TOEFL magnitude required. The smallest TOEFL iBT scores operation from 61 (Bowling Green State University)[13] to 110 (University of Oxford).[14]

ETS has expelled tables to modify between iBT, CBT and PBT scores.[15]

TOEFL ITP Tests[edit]

TOEFL ITP (“ITP” stands for “Institutional Testing Program”) tests are paper-based and use educational calm to weigh a English-language inclination of non-native English speakers. The tests use new and formerly administered TOEFL examination questions and are used for placement, progress, evaluation, exit contrast and other situations. The examination scores, format and calm of a examination matches a “TOEFL PBT”,[16] with a difference of not including a TWE (Test of Written Expression).

Unlike a TOEFL iBT and PBT tests, TOEFL ITP tests are administered by a establishment and for inner use. It should not reinstate a need for a TOEFL iBT test, that is administered firmly and includes Speaking and Writing components. There are dual levels of TOEFL ITP: Level 1 (intermediate to advanced) and Level 2 (high commencement to intermediate).TOEFL ITP scores are mapped to a CEFR and examination takers are supposing with a certificate of achievement.[17]

TOEFL Junior Tests[edit]

ETS also offers a TOEFL Junior tests, a ubiquitous comment of center school-level English-language proficiency. It is dictated for students aged 11+.The tests are administered in dual formats: TOEFL Junior Standard (on paper) and TOEFL Junior Comprehensive (via computer). The TOEFL Junior Standard examination has 3 sections: Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension and Language Form and Meaning. The TOEFL Junior Comprehensive examination has four: Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, Speaking and Writing. TOEFL Junior scores are mapped to a CEFR and examination takers are supposing with a certificate of achievement.[18]

Linking TOEFL iBT Score Ranges to IELTS Scores[19][edit]

See also[edit]

  • English as a Foreign or Second Language (EFSL)
  • International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
  • International Student Admissions Test (ISAT)
  • List of admissions tests
  • National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI)
  • Teaching English as a unfamiliar denunciation (TEFL)
  • Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC)
  • PTE Academic Pearson Test of English Academic
  • Standardised test
  • UBELT University of Bath English Language Test.
  • University of Cambridge ESOL examination
  • LNAT
  • Trinity College London ESOL
  • The European Language Certificates (TELC)
  • EF Standard English Test

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]

Article source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Test_of_English_as_a_Foreign_Language

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